Rosacea


Do you blush or flush easily? When you look in the mirror, do you see redness in the center of your face? Do you also see acne-like breakouts even though your teen years ended decades ago? Where you have redness, do you see tiny veins?

If so, you might have rosacea. Common signs and symptoms include:

  • Redness across the nose and cheeks, which can spread to the chin. forehead. or ears
  • Acne-like breakouts
  • Skin that feels sore and is easily Irritated
  • Thin. reddish-purple veins
  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Dry, itchy, and irritated eyes
  • Gritty feeling in your eyes

For some people, rosacea becomes more noticeable with time. The redness can become permanent. The skin may feel hot and tender. Your skin can become so sensitive that getting water on your face causes burning and stinging.

Some people see the affected skin grow thick - this is more common among men than women. It is caused by enlarging oil glands in the skin. When this happens to the nose, the medical term for this condition is "rhinophyma." The nose enlarges, and thick bumps can form on it.

Who Gets Rosacea?

This is a common skin condition. In the United States, millions of people have it. You have a greater likelihood of developing it if you are:

  • Between 30 and 50 years of age
  • Fair-skinned, and have blonde hair and blue eyes
  • Of Northern European ancestry
  • A woman going through menopause

However, people of all skin colors and ages get it. It may also occur in people who have darker skin, hair, and eyes.

While it is more common in women, it can affect men more severely.

Recent research suggests this condition tends to run in families. If you have blood relatives with rosacea or severe acne, then you have a greater risk of getting it. A personal history of severe acne also increases your risk of getting it.

How Does A Dermatologist Treat Rosacea?

If you have redness on your face along with acne or small veins, you should see a board-certified dermatologist. A dermatologist can tell you whether you have it or not, and offer a treatment plan.

Although there is no cure for rosacea, treatment often controls the disease.

Many people who treat their rosacea say that treatment improves their quality of life. They feel less self-conscious. Another benefit of treatment is that it can prevent it from getting worse. Rosacea can be more difficult to treat if it gets worse.

Research shows that the most effective results come from combining treatments and tailoring treatment to a patient's signs and symptoms.

  • Acne-like breakouts: If your rosacea includes acne~like breakouts these can often be treated with medicine applied to the skin. It takes time to see improvement. You may see a slight improvement in three or four weeks. It usually takes about two months to see a noticeable improvement. To keep your skin clear. You may need to continue to use this medicine.

    Sometimes you need an oral antibiotic to clear the acne-like breakouts. Your dermatologist may recommend a newer medicine that treats the inflammation without the side effects of high-dose antibiotics. This medicine can clear the skin and avoids concerns about taking an antibiotic for too long.

  • Redness: Laser surgery can help reduce the redness. Your dermatologist may recommend a medicine to apply to your skin that can help reduce redness
  • Small Veins: Laser surgery or a procedure called electrodesiccation. which uses small electric needles. can help diminish the appearance of small veins.

  • Thickening skin: To treat thickening skin. a dermatologist may remove the excess skin with a scalpel. Laser, or electrosurgery.
  • Have psoriasis on your scalp or the inverse type.

How Does Rosacea Affect Your Eyes?

When your eyes are affected, it is called ocular rosacea. You may notice your eyes are watery or bloodshot, and feel gritty, like you have sand in your eyes. Your eyes may also burn, sting or itch. Your vision may be blurry and your eyes may be sensitive to light.

How Do I Avoid Triggers & Prevent Flare-Ups

To get the best results from your treatment, dermatologists recommend that you learn what triggers your rosacea and avoid them if you can. Common triggers include spicy foods. Hot temperature drinks, caffeine. and alcoholic beverages.

Finding out what triggers your rosacea takes a bit of detective work. At the end of each day, jot down your exposure to common triggers. If it flares up, be sure to note that too.

What do Dermatologists Reccomment To Help Manage Rosacea

  • Here are tips to help you avoid some common triggers: Protect your skin. Seek shade when possible. limit exposure to sunlight. and wear sun-protective clothing. Apply a broad-spectrum (otters protection from UVA and UVB rays) sunscreen with SPF of 30 or higher to your face every day before you go outside. Look for a sunscreen that contains zinc oxide or titanium dioxide as these ingredients are the least irritating to skin with rosacea. When outdoors, be sure to reapply the sunscreen every two hours.
  • Avoid your rosacea triggers
  • Don't overheat or expose your skin to very cold temperatures. Overheating may cause it to flare. Exercising in a cool environment can help. You can protect your face from cold and wind with a scarf or ski mask that does not irritate your skin.

  • Keep your skincare routine simple. Fewer products are better. Avoid cosmetics and skincare products that contain alcohol. Avoid rubbing, scrubbing, or massaging your face.

  • If you use hair spray, shield your face so that the spray does not get on your face

Talk With Your Dermatologist

Dermatologists can effectively treat rosacea. There are no quick fixes though. Treatment takes time to work. It also takes time to figure out what triggers it for you and sometimes a bit of creativity to avoid your triggers

 

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